The purpose of a book review is to tell other readers why they would or wouldn't enjoy reading a particular book. Here are five points I think go into writing an effective review....
If you pay any attention at all to publishing industry news — specifically e-pub and indie pub — you know that we indie writers have a nearly insatiable craving for online reviews.
There are many reasons for this, but the crux of it is that the more favorable reviews we get, the more books we sell. Our greedy little writer-hearts like to know that the world is reading and enjoying our stories (not to mention the fact that our pocketbooks appreciate sales, too), so seeing favorable reviews and selling more books flips our bangerang switches most verily.
(Translation: We like it a lot.)
A Word on One-Star and Two-Star Reviews
And that word is: “blech.”
(By which I don’t mean “Blech,” which is German for “tin.”)
No, we don’t like low-star reviews. But I would venture to say that most of us accept them (whilst heaving heavy sighs), accept the reality of them, and accept even the necessity of them. A well-written low-star review can actually tell us valuable information about what works for readers and what doesn’t.
(Philosophical sidenote: Though I don’t believe in pandering to the crowd, I do believe in knowing one’s audience. Understanding + respecting reader expectations = okay. Pandering = not writing what writer really wants to write = not okay. Please to be noticing the difference.)
(Also, sorry about the penchant for parentheses. It’s a thing today, apparently.)
Me, when I read a low-star review of one of my own works, I indulge in a 24 to 72-hour wallow of self-pity. (I do not write a response to the review.) Then, I re-examine said review to see if there’s anything of value in it. If there is, I file that information away for possible future reference. If there isn’t, I attempt a brain-dump so that the self-pity doesn’t come back.
Sometimes, I have to repeat the brain-dump several times before it takes.
But I digress.
NOTE: Yes, I am a writer. Yes, I have strong opinions about the reviews I receive. BUT. I do recognize that reviewers aren’t writing for me. Reviewers are writing for their fellow readers.
Allow me to re-state, because this is a thing of importantness:
A book reviewer writes a review for the benefit of other readers, not for the writer’s benefit.
Basically, the purpose of a book review is to tell other readers why they would or wouldn’t enjoy reading a particular book.
Keeping this in mind, I shall ignore my greedy little writer self for the remainder of this blogpost. You’re welcome. ; )
Onward to what you really came here for.
5 Points on How to Write an Effective Book Review
1. Make it readable.
Use good grammar. If people can’t understand what you’re trying to tell them, then your review will “fall on deaf ears.” Don’t make review readers squint at their computer screens as they try to decipher whether you thought a character didn’t win ( = lose) or whether you thought he was a slut ( = loose).
For the same reason, and for the sake of all that’s good and writerly in this world, check your spelling. Use a spellchecker if need be. The pregnant main character is not a rotary phone: In the third chapter, she’s dilated, not “dialated.”
And if you’re going to write more than 7-10 lines, do please consider the beauty of the paragraph. Giant blocks of text hurt the eyeballs.
2. Be honest.
If you loved the book, say so.
If you feel neutral about the book, say so.
If you hated the book, say so.
If you didn’t finish the book, say so.
Recently, I challenged a reviewer who left a one-star review on a friend’s novel. I didn’t challenge the solitary star. I challenged the fact that the reviewer provided erroneous information in his review: He stated that Character X did not appear in the novel. He also admitted to not having finished the novel.
My challenge: Character X actually does appear in the novel — which the reviewer would have known, had he finished the book.
Now. Don’t get me wrong. I don’t advocate reading all the way through a book you’re not enjoying. I don’t finish books I don’t like. Who has the time for such shenanigans?
But. If you don’t finish the book, be honest about it — and be cautious about making absolute statements concerning the parts that you didn’t read. If you provide erroneous information about a novel, you are not helping fellow readers make informed decisions about their reading choices.
3. Give your fellow readers something they can relate to.
“If you like beach reads, you’ll enjoy this one.”
“Fantasy readers are going to eat this up.”
“This book is for the reader who’s always wondered what would happen if Orson Scott Card collaborated with V.C. Andrews.”
“If you enjoy YA novels, this probably isn’t the book for you.”
“This book reads very differently from the author’s other works, so keep that in mind.”
Whatever genre you’re reviewing, write toward it — because most of the people who read your review are going to be familiar with that genre. Let them know how a book follows expected conventions. Let them now how the book breaks from convention. Let them know whether or not the break from convention works well.
Know the expectations your genre’s readers will bring to the novel you’re reviewing. Tell them whether or not the novel will meet those expectations.
If the writer does something crazy original that amazed you, tell them to expect that, too.
But for the sake of all that’s good and writerly, do heed the following point:
4. Warn fellow readers of spoilers.
But not too many.
You know when you’re reading a review, and you’re trying to figure out based on the review whether or not you want to buy this book that sounds kinda cool but you’re on the fence about it, and you’re reading along and BAM! the reviewer tells you exactly what happens at the story’s climax?
No? You don’t know? Well, maybe it’s just me. But trust me — it stinks.
The words “SPOILER ALERT” are your friends. For the love of Grabthar’s Hammer, use them.
5. Have fun with it.
Don’t worry too much about what I said in #1. Make your review readable, yes. But nobody’s going to grade you. Your fellow readers just want to know what you liked or didn’t like and whether or not they can relate to your opinion.
I was going to continue this point by saying that you should have fun with your review even if you didn’t have fun with the book. But you know what? That’s probably not very realistic of me, and that might be the writer in me coming out.
If you didn’t have fun with the book, you’re probably not going to have fun with the review (unless you’re feeling gleefully vindictive, I suppose). If you feel dismal about writing the review, then your tone will likely show it. And — although the writer in me mourns this part — that’s probably something your fellow readers need to hear about, too.
And there you have it, y’all. My thoughts on writing an effective review. So, who are my blog-reading book-reviewers out there? Did I miss anything? Is there anything here you disagree with? Let’s talk about it. I’ve got a lot of opinions, but I’m not in the habit of reviewing everything I read. So I’d love to hear from you! What do you think?